South Africa

A thousand-year-old dream, forged in a century: China’s journey to prosperity

By CG Tang Zhongdong

The term “Xiaokang” originates from the ancient Chinese classical songbook 2000 years ago.

It reads “People are in a hurry, they need modest comfort”. Since ancient times, “Xiaokang” has always been the Chinese people’s greatest aspiration for a prosperous and wealthy life. So far, I still have a lot of friends who named their children “Xiaokang”.

On September 28, the Information Office of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China released the White Paper of China’s Epic Journey from Poverty to Prosperity, an Exciting Thing for All Chinese People.

As Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and President of China, solemnly declared at the ceremony marking the centenary of the CCP, “Thanks to the continuous efforts of the whole Party and the whole nation, China had achieved the first centennial goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. ”

Led by the CCP, generations of Chinese have made the millennial dream come true in a century.

In the late 1970s, in the early years of reform and opening up, national leader Deng Xiaoping used the term “Xiaoping” to present his vision for China’s modernization for the first time.

“By Xiaokang, we mean a GNP per capita of US $ 800,” he said.

Through persistence and effort over these years, China achieved basic moderate prosperity by the end of the 20th century, as expected.

In 2002, the CPC underlined that moderate prosperity remained at a relatively low level, that it was not global and that it was very unbalanced. Thus, the Party set itself the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. To this end, in the first two decades of the 21st century, China would further develop the economy, improve democracy, advance science and education, enrich culture, promote social harmony, and improve the quality of life. . At its 18th National Congress in 2012, the CPC announced that China will achieve the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects by 2021 when the Party celebrates its centenary, with sustained and solid economic development, a plus great popular democracy, a significant improvement in cultural soft power, higher living standards and major progress in building a resource-conserving and environmentally friendly society.

China’s prosperity is a comprehensive development characterized by balanced, coordinated and sustainable progress in the economic, political, cultural, social and eco-environmental fields. Since the birth of the “Xiaokang” concept, the economic strength has increased significantly.

China’s GDP grew from 67.9 billion RMB in 1952 to 101.6 trillion RMB in 2020. As the world’s second-largest economy, it accounts for over 17% of the world total.

With a GDP per capita rising from less than $ 100 in 1952 to over $ 10,000 in 2020, China has gone from a low-income country to an upper-middle-income country.

The Chinese people have become real masters of their country, their society and their future, and enjoy an extensive, full and genuine democracy. People benefit from richer cultural activities. Public cultural facilities, ranging from rural reading rooms and cultural stations to urban libraries, museums, cultural centers and art galleries, have been steadily improved and are mostly open to the public free or at minimal cost. Public cultural services have become more diverse, equitable and convenient.

The rights of more than 1.4 billion Chinese to subsistence and development are well protected. They have access to child care, education, employment, medical services, elderly care, housing and social assistance. People favor the concept of lucid waters and the lush mountains are invaluable assets. A basic national policy for resource conservation and environmental protection has been adopted. His efforts made the skies bluer, the lands greener, and the waters clearer across the vast and beautiful landscape of the country.

China’s prosperity emphasizes a society in which all people share the fruits of development, a society where no individual, region or ethnic group is left behind, which is essential for achieving common prosperity and reflects the CCP’s commitment to wholeheartedly serving the people.

By the end of 2020, the 99 million rural poor and the 832 counties and 128,000 villages classified as poor according to China’s current poverty line were lifted out of poverty. After decades of hard work, substantial progress has been made in coordinating the development of different regions. New regional strategies —— to coordinate development in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, develop the Yangtze River Economic Belt, build the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Great Bay region, integrate development into the Yangtze River Delta and enhancing eco-environmental conservation and high-quality development in the Yellow River basin —— have achieved substantial success. The strategic and institutional framework for functional zoning has improved. By the end of 2020, a total of 31.21 million people had been lifted out of poverty in the five autonomous regions of Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Tibet, Ningxia and Xinjiang, and in the three provinces of Guizhou, Yunnan and Qinghai, where many ethnic minorities. .

China’s prosperity is a contribution to world peace and development. A world leader in scale and scope, China has been the largest contributor since 2006, making an average annual contribution of more than 30 percent to global economic growth. After the Covid-19 epidemic, it was the first country to contain the virus, reopen its economy and achieve economic expansion.

It has not only become an important force in pulling the global economy and trade recovery, but also played a positive role in maintaining the stability of the global supply system. In the past year, China has supplied hundreds of billions of masks and more than a billion doses of vaccines to the world, strongly supporting countries in the fight against the pandemic.

As the most populous and largest developing country in the world, China’s prosperity has helped drastically reduce the poverty-stricken world population, which has boosted the confidence and strength of other peoples struggling for eliminate poverty.

The eradication of absolute poverty in China contributes to the achievement of the goal set by the United Nations 2030 Agenda for sustainable development 10 years in advance. It gave impetus, created opportunities and explored avenues for the world to meet the challenges of poverty and achieve economic recovery, and helped build a community with a shared future for humanity.

China’s achievement of prosperity represents the achievement of an intermediate goal on the path of modernization and national rejuvenation. Invigorated, the CCP and the Chinese people embarked on a new onward journey.

China invites all African countries, including South Africa, to take advantage of China’s development express, making progress with China in continuously improving the standard of living of their people.

China is willing to share its experience in eradicating poverty and prosperity with other countries, and looks forward to opening a new path of economic development to countries and people around the world who wish to accelerate their development while by maintaining their independence. In the future, China will embrace the world with a more open and inclusive pose, form a more positive interaction with the world, and work with the global community to build a community of destiny for humanity and a better world.

IOL

A thousand-year-old dream, forged in a century: China’s journey to prosperity

SourceA thousand-year-old dream, forged in a century: China’s journey to prosperity

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