China’s Green Poverty Alleviation Programs Help Raise Incomes of Rural People

Gu Zhongyang, Yu Jingxian

For nearly 10 years, forestry and grassland offices at various levels in China have actively practiced the philosophy that “clear waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets”, and vigorously advanced the campaign against forest. poverty of the country through ecological compensation, reforestation and development of the ecological environment. industry.

These offices have fulfilled all the tasks and objectives set in the country’s programs to promote poverty reduction through ecological conservation and restoration, lifting more than 20 million poor people out of poverty.

Li Yuhua, a ranger from Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County, southwest China’s Yunnan Province, is often seen walking through the mountain forest by the Derung River in ethnic clothing. local.

According to Li, she earns a subsidy of 800 yuan (about $ 124) per month by taking care of the forest. The ranger was also able to take care of her family and engage in various forms of subforest industries, such as planting black cardamom, cultivating traditional Chinese herbal medicines, and raising bees.

In 2020, Li earned an annual income of over 100,000 yuan.

More than 4,000 county rangers like Li have been able to work in their hometown and overcome poverty while ensuring the management and protection of the more than 5.71 million mu (approximately 3,807 square kilometers) of forest in the region. county.

In parts of China, rangers are also assigned tasks of managing and protecting grasslands and wetlands.

Tashi Tsering, a ranger from Changjiangyuan Village, Golmud Town, northwest China’s Qinghai Province, feels a sense of mission to protect the ecology of China’s Yangtze River source.

The ranger’s routine work includes checking the local grasslands and checking whether the grasslands are overcrowded with cattle and sheep.

Qinghai Province has created public welfare jobs to protect and manage forest and grassland resources. It hired 49,900 qualified poor residents as guards. By increasing the average annual per capita income of these people by nearly 20,000 yuan, the province lifted the families of these rangers out of poverty.

China’s forests and grasslands suffering from destruction, major ecological protection areas and environmentally vulnerable regions are generally very poor areas.

They are the main battlegrounds in China’s fight against poverty as well as the heart of forestry and grassland programs.

The magnificent vegetable and fruit plantation bases in the countryside of Hengxi County, Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province in east China. Image: Wang Huabin / People’s Daily Online

China has paved the way for poverty reduction which includes ecological compensation in these areas, said Li Chunliang, deputy head of China’s National Forestry and Grassland Administration, adding that the country has hired more than 1 , 1 million poor villagers registered as guards and raised over 3 million people living in poor areas out of poverty.

Li noted that China has increased the area of ​​forest and grass resources under management and protection by nearly 900 million mu, thereby achieving win-win results in protecting the environment and increasing the income of residents.

In response to the government’s call to process Horqin Sandy Land in Tongliao City, North China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Chun Mei, a local villager, and her husband created a wood of pinus sylvestris, acer monoes and aspens around their house.

Each year, the couple participate in reforestation projects initiated by the local government. While Chun earns 100 yuan a day by planting and watering trees, her husband receives a daily salary of 400 yuan by leveling the ground with a tractor and digging pits for saplings.

“As the sandy lands become greener and the grasslands could accommodate more livestock, we have also become better off,” said Chun, who recently renovated his home. Last year, her family earned an income of 100,000 yuan.

As part of the project to restore agricultural land to the forest, the town of Chama in Qinglong county, in southwest China’s Guizhou province, exploited the huajiao (Sichuan pepper) industry. depending on local conditions in recent years. Sichuan pepper plants have helped 11,700 local residents overcome poverty.

“I earn over 20,000 yuan every year working at a local Sichuan pepper plantation base and receive a grant of 1,200 yuan for each mu of farmland that I have turned into forest and used to cultivate pepper. from Sichuan, ”said Yi Hongzhong, a villager. from the town of Chama which bade farewell to poverty.

A tourist chooses navel oranges in an ecological orchard built to conserve water and soil in Yongfeng County, Ji’an City, east China’s Jiangxi Province. Image: Liu Haojun / People’s Daily Online

While protecting the ecology and exploring tourism, Baichao County, Guangyuan City in southwest China’s Sichuan Province, has strived to become a tourist town with eco-care. health.

The township’s Yueba village, which has alpine wetlands and dense primeval forests, has become a famous tourist destination on the Internet.

In 2019, the village welcomed more than 300,000 tourists and the per capita income of more than 500 local tourism practitioners reached 28,000 yuan.

Yang Xiulin, a resident of Yueba village, turned his house into a homestay hotel. Last year, Yang’s family earned nearly 100,000 yuan from the business.

By seeking environmentally friendly sources of income for villagers, more and more once impoverished villages in China have helped rural residents to say goodbye to poverty and walk towards complete revitalization of rural areas.

* This article was published in partnership with People’s Daily Online SA.

China’s Green Poverty Alleviation Programs Help Raise Incomes of Rural People

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