People hospitalized for COVID-19 may have difficulty thinking at a level similar to that of a 20-year-old, a study found.
As the pandemic swept the world, it became clear that the coronavirus could not only cause immediate health problems, but could also cause often debilitating symptoms in some people. long corona.
According to a British studyAbout one-third of patients who experienced symptoms after admission felt a full recovery after 1 year, with most patients showing little improvement in areas including physical function and cognitive impairment.
Now, experts have found that the average cognitive decline in some patients persists.
David Menon, a professor at the University of Cambridge and lead author of the study, said the severity of the disability is related to the severity of the disease.
“[Covid] It causes problems for various organs in the body, including the brain, cognitive function and psychological health,” he said. “If a vaccine and all doses were available, the disease would be less severe. So all these problems will be reduced.”
write in The eClinicalMedicine journal Menon and colleagues report how they looked at the results of cognitive tests performed on 46 patients for an average of 6 months after admission to the hospital in Addenbrooke, Cambridge, between March and July 2020. Sixteen of this group received mechanical ventilation.
Cognitive testing was performed via the Cognitron platform developed by researchers at Imperial College London, which The BBC’s Great British Intelligence Test.
The researchers compared the results with those who had never contracted the coronavirus among 460 people who took part in the BBC Challenge. Ten patients were matched for each patient according to characteristics such as age, gender, educational background, and mother tongue.
The results suggest that people hospitalized for COVID-19 have certain cognitive impairments, such as slower processing.
“What they struggle with the most is verbal reasoning,” Menon said. Completing the lace-like analogy, we noted that shoes have buttons and coats have buttons.
Studies have shown that cognitive impairment is distinct, but the degree of change is on average comparable to cognitive decline between the ages of 50 and 70.
The researchers found no significant differences in the level of cognitive impairment between patients who completed the test 6 months after admission and those who completed the test 10 months after admission, although there were signs of improvement. We will return for further testing to see if a stronger association has emerged.
Menon added that examining cognitive decline in Covid patients could be helpful not only for patients, but also for those who have experienced similar problems after other illnesses.
“The trials we can perform will help us understand the underlying mechanisms and produce effective treatments that can prevent them and treat them later,” he said.
Corona Hospitalization Can Affect 20-Year-Old-Like Accidents | medical research
Source link Corona Hospitalization Can Affect 20-Year-Old-Like Accidents | medical research