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Derek Chauvin’s trial focuses on the use of restraint holds in schools in Minnesota.Education in the United States

AThe United States awaits a verdict in a closely monitored murder trial of Derek Chauvin Minnesota, This focuses on the use of “prone position detention” by former Minneapolis police officers, and prosecutors say they contributed to George Floyd’s death.

Floyd’s death has led to a national view of police atrocities and racism, but how common practices are in detaining children in schools in Minnesota and elsewhere in the country. I made it embossed.

State policymakers have been working for years to reduce the prevalence of “physical retention” in schools in Minnesota. 2015 ban About using face-to-face “prone position restraint” for children with disabilities. However, educators still use physical restraints thousands of times each year, as shown by student, state and federal data.

Such restraints can have devastating consequences for children, including injuries and, rarely, death.

“We know it’s happening, we know it’s happening more than we know, and we know our kids are dying,” he said nationwide. Lauren Morandrim, co-founder and secretary-general of the Learners Equity Center, a non-profit organization, said. -A commercial organization focused on improving the educational outcomes of children with disabilities.

Pending state and federal laws will impose new restrictions on the school’s ability to detain students, including Minnesota’s expressly banned provisions. School-based police By placing the student in a “prone position,” change authorities said it was a direct reaction to Floyd’s death.

Illustration of restraint technology. Photo: 74

While some educators have long considered the need for physical restraints in dire emergencies, critics have used this practice as a routine discipline tool, especially for black children. And demands a complete ban.

“Detention is a total issue, and if you see it among trained police officers who can’t escalate, don’t be surprised to see it at school. [situations] And they eventually detain and kill people, “Moland Lim said.


MAccording to the report, more than 2,800 students were physically restrained more than 12,600 times during the 2019-20 school year. Recent Minnesota Department of Education Report.. This was a 25% decrease from the previous year, and state education officials attribute it primarily to campus closures during the Covid-19 pandemic. However, they also attribute this decline to recent state-wide efforts to train educators on how to escalate conflicts using preventative techniques such as: Active behavioral intervention..

Still, the use of detention is too common in Minnesota schools, said Daron Corte, a state aide to education who oversees the office of student support services.

“Schools do not want staff to use restrictive procedures such as physical restraint that could result in legal liability if a student or teacher is injured,” Corte said. However, as state officials are urging districts to reduce the use of detention, he said it was important that they were given other tools to control student behavior.

Color students, especially black boys, are disproportionately detained in Minnesota schools, reflecting national trends, according to state data. White students make up 63% of the special education population, 52% tons of detained students, and 11.8% of special education students are black, but 27% of physically detained students.

Long-standing racial disparities in student detention show that “racial prejudice and institutional racism are very realistic,” Morand Lim said.

A table showing the use of restraints in US schools.
Photo: 74

“The level of comfort we systematically have, especially by restraining and discriminating against black boys, is a sign of a major problem,” she said.

Schools in Minnesota are currently only required to report the use of detention for children with disabilities to state authorities, but federal education data, including all students, disproportionately how special education children disproportionately. Emphasizes whether you are physically restrained.

Nationwide Over 74,000 students from all public kindergartens to high schools have been physically or mechanically detained In 2017-18, according to the latest data from the Civil Rights Department of the US Department of Education. That year, more than 2,400 Minnesota students were physically restrained more than 11,600 times.

Minnesota, along with a cluster of Texas and Midwestern states, including Illinois and Iowa Among the most frequent users of practiceAccording to a 2019 analysis by ProPublica and Chicago Tribune.

The data self-reported by the local school district to federal education authorities is probably significantly underestimated. A Report of 2020 by the US Government Accountability OfficeA nonpartisan oversight agency, the Ministry of Education’s quality control procedures for data collection have been found to be “almost ineffective or nonexistent.”

Minnesota Last year, 781 educators and 153 students were injured as a direct result of the use of physical holds, according to state data. Sandy Lewandowski, director of 287 in the middle district on the outskirts of Minneapolis, says these numbers are probably quite underestimated, like student restraint data.

A co-operative of 11 school systems that serve some of the region’s most endangered students, including those involved in the juvenile justice system, the district aims to reform school discipline practices. Has been working on for many years. 2017 decision to remove school-based police From that building. And Lewandowski said that restraints are only used as a last resort, but that is still a common practice. In last year’s school year, which was interrupted by a pandemic, the school district reported detention of 991 students. This has decreased from 1,179 students in 2018-19, who attended school all year round.

A table showing students physically detained in US schools by race / ethnicity.
A table showing students physically detained in US schools by race / ethnicity. Photo: 74

Educators often use physical restraints to prevent students from injuring themselves, Lewandowski said. The district quoted a recent example of an elementary school student being detained after hitting a campus wall near an outlet to electrocut himself.

“If you’ve seen a fifth grader detained by four or five staff members, it’s traumatic for students, traumatic for staff, and traumatic for any observer,” Lewandowski said. I will. “But we need a partner to do that because the fifth grade is completely out of control and we can’t hit our head against the wall until we’re calm. That’s not what we can do.”

In some cases, the student died as a result of physical restraint. In one example of 2018, A 13-year-old boy with autism has died After a teacher exposed him to a prone to prone detention for an hour and 45 minutes at a now-deceased California school. After the incident, the campus was closed and three school officials, including a teacher, were charged with manslaughter.

year 2012, Non-binding guidance from the US Department of Education Encourage the district to refrain from using physical holds unless the student is at immediate risk of harming himself or others, and “using restraint or quarantine is such use. There is no evidence that it is effective in reducing the occurrence of frequent problem behaviors. Tactics. “

He also added prone restraint and other movements, “Never restrict breathing,” due to the risk of injury and death.

That same year, Minnesota Ministry of Education Described in the report “It’s only a matter of time before a Minnesota child is seriously injured or killed in the prone position,” he said.

A table of students physically detained by a disability in a US school.
Photo: 74

Currently, Minnesota’s state law on student detention is centered around children with disabilities and is “silent” about the general student population, Corte said.But Pending state lawPart of is a direct response to Floyd’s death, extending requirements, including data reporting protocols, to all students. School-based police are also banned from using prone restraints in schools, making it clear that they ban all physical restraints on children under the age of five.

Chris Williams, a spokesman for the state teachers union Education Minnesota, said in a statement that the group was concerned about “continuing racial disparities known to exist in the use of restrictive procedures.” He said he upheld the rules prohibiting prone restraints in the classroom. He said the union will allow schools to “train all educators, not just special education educators,” on how schools use alternatives such as improper student detention and restorative justice. He said he was urging Congress to increase.

Meanwhile, in Washington, DC, legislation is pending and Acts to keep all students safeProne the school from using “prone position” or other procedures that may restrict the student’s breathing, and other physical restraints unless necessary to protect the student and staff Is prohibited. Authorities pointed out the influx of federal education funding due to the pandemic. It can be used to enhance positive behavior without restrictions.

Morand Lim said federal law would greatly help keep students safe.

“There must be a result,” she said. “We can’t have a system that continues to reinforce that it’s okay to kill blacks.”

This report was first published 74, A non-profit, non-partisan news site covering American education

Derek Chauvin’s trial focuses on the use of restraint holds in schools in Minnesota.Education in the United States

Source link Derek Chauvin’s trial focuses on the use of restraint holds in schools in Minnesota.Education in the United States

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