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EXPLAINS | About Monkeypox – SABC News

Monkeypox is caused by the monkeypox virus, which belongs to the genus Orthopoxvirus and belongs to the family Poxviridae.

In May 2022, many cases of monkey pimples were diagnosed in some non-endemic countries. Research is underway to further understand the epidemiology, sources of infection and transmission patterns of the virus, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

The symptoms are similar to those seen in vaccinated patients before, but less severe. Smallpox is a related orthopedic virus infection that was declared to have been eradicated worldwide in 1980.

Close contact with wounds, body fluids, respiratory drops and contaminated materials such as bedding allows the virus to spread from one person to another.

Patients with a series of uncontrolled rashes – macules, papules, vesicles, pustles, scabs – may be associated with fever, enlarged lymph nodes, back pain and muscle aches.

The WHO recommends examining patients with suspected monkey pox and, if confirmed, isolating them until the wound is crusted, the scab falls off and a new layer of skin forms underneath.

To limit further infection, there is an urgent need to raise awareness of monkey pimples and carry out comprehensive case detection and isolation.

The World Health Organization says it is important to raise awareness in affected communities to identify and prevent side effects.

It is unusual to find confirmed and suspected cases of monkey pox in many countries without having a travel history to a local area.

Treatment

According to the World Health Organization, Monkeypox is being treated with an antiviral drug that was developed to treat smallpox.

Monkey fever is usually a self-limiting disease, with symptoms lasting 2 to 4 weeks.

Severe cases are more common in children and are related to the extent of the virus, the patient’s health and the nature of the complications.

The mortality rate of monkeypox has traditionally ranged from 0 to 11% in the general population and has been higher among young children. Cessation of global vaccination campaigns against smallpox after the disease has been eradicated may make some people more susceptible to monkey pox.

International travel or business

Based on current information, the WHO does not recommend any restrictions on travel to or trade with the UK.

The WHO will continue to monitor the situation closely as it develops.

Reuters graphics

Source: WHO

EXPLAINS | About Monkeypox – SABC News

Source link EXPLAINS | About Monkeypox – SABC News

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