Overcome the effects of desert locust drought and migration through Somaliland’s climate-friendly agricultural practices and tools

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FAO’s Desert Locust Response Program helps rural farmers address severe rural food insecurity while helping to further mitigate evacuation.

43-year-old Hibo Hussein lives in the village of Quljeed in the Bolama district and uses rainfed farming to support herself and her family. Hibo grows vegetables such as corn and corn with his family, and accounts for 46% of the agricultural population. In her area, Audar, Desert locust When Drought of Somalia, Causes serious losses to crops, water sources and pastures, worsens livestock conditions and destabilizes household food.

Agriculture plays an important role in economic growth and poverty in Somalia discount, But climate change, conflict, floods, droughts, desert locust plague, socio-economic impacts COVID-19 (new coronavirus infection) Due to the cumulative effects of past crises, economic contributions have declined by almost 60% since their peak in 1989. These factors have historically contributed to evacuation, as families have to leave the farm for food, water and basic services.

Now, through a complementary approach that combines generous funding from Sweden with funding from other resource partners, FAO’s cash and agricultural emergency program allows rural farmers to address serious rural food insecurity. At the same time, it helps to mitigate further evacuation by maintaining people’s productivity, laying the foundation for future recovery within rural areas.

Climate-friendly livelihood kits are tailored to the needs and vulnerabilities of individual livelihood zones by providing land-building services and quality, as well as region-adapted drought-resistant crop seed varieties. The kit includes a multi-layer sealed storage bag that helps reduce post-harvest losses. Farmers like Hibo have also been trained in good agricultural practices, acquired new skills to adapt to the climate-affected future, and increased the frequency of droughts and other climate-related disasters.

“Drought and desert locust are great threats because they continue to happen, there are no farms left, and there is nothing to feed the children. It will be difficult for people to survive.” Said on the farm. “FAO helped us prepare the land and bought seven seeds,” she added.

With integrated intervention, Somaliland farmers will provide 30 multi-layer sealed storage bags each to minimize post-harvest losses, as well as increase land in production and maximize yields. Assisted with a 4-hour tractor to transform. With core funding from another resource partner, the same farmer was also assisted with locally adapted seed varieties that were drought resistant and could provide families with food, income and feed sources from their crops. Seed kits (grains, vegetables, legumes, legume seeds) are tailored to the needs and traditional practices of farmers in different parts of Somaliland. The seed kit contained 12 kg of sorghum, 10 kg of cowpea, 12 kg of mung bean, and 240 g of various vegetable seeds.

“We also included unconditional cash transfers to ensure immediate access to basic food demand while recovering their own food production and income. In the cash and agricultural livelihood program. Includes training on good agricultural practices and good nutritional practices, “said Elizabeth Karungo, FAO, Head of Emergency Programs in Somalia.

A woman like slander received Cash remittance To help them cover immediate food and other basic needs until the crop is harvested. Before paying the cash rights, the beneficiaries were confirmed by the mobile network operator (MNO). This included beneficiary identification with preloaded photos collected during registration and capture of new GPS photos. SIM cards and phone numbers were also verified to ensure that the money was in the right hands.

FAO has moved to fully digitize its unconditional cash transfer system. Designed by FAO Mobile money The system allows beneficiaries to receive payments through their mobile phones. This system is safe, efficient, convenient and reduces the risks associated with cash transfers such as blackmail and taxation. It is also safe for people like the slanders in areas affected by droughts and desert locusts.

“They also provided me with the three months of cash support I used to pay for my tuition and other basic supplies. I am very grateful,” Hibo said.

It will be distributed by the APO Group on behalf of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

Overcome the effects of desert locust drought and migration through Somaliland’s climate-friendly agricultural practices and tools

Source link Overcome the effects of desert locust drought and migration through Somaliland’s climate-friendly agricultural practices and tools

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