UNICEF today warned that this year there were a series of serious violations of children in both protracted and new conflicts.
From Afghanistan to Yemen and from Syria to northern Ethiopia, thousands of children have come at a devastating price in the face of armed conflict, interregional violence and anxiety. Just last week, at least 35 people were killed in Kayah State, eastern Myanmar, and it is reported that there were at least four children among the victims. This was just the latest notable example of a conflict that would cost children devastatingly and an ongoing threat to humanitarian workers.
“Every year, the parties to the conflict continue to show that they are terribly ignoring the rights and well-being of their children,” said UNICEF Executive Secretary Henrietta Fore. “Children are suffering and they are dying because of this coldness. Every effort should be made to protect these children from harm.”
Data for 2021 are not yet available, but in 2020, 26,425 serious violations of children were confirmed by the United Nations. In the first three months of 2021, the total number of serious violations confirmed decreased slightly, but confirmed cases of abduction and sexual violence were at an alarming rate compared to the first month. It continued to increase by more than 50% and 10%, respectively. The quarter of the previous year.
The confirmed abductions were highest in Somalia, followed by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the countries of the Lake Chad basin (Chad, Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger). Confirmed cases of sexual violence are the DRC, Somalia, and the Central African Republic.
This year marks the 25th anniversary of the publication of Graça Machel’s original report, The Impact of War on Children. The report urged the international community to take concrete steps to protect children from the tragedy of war and called on the United Nations and the world community. Act to protect your child.
Over the last 16 years, the United Nations has examined 266,000 serious violations of children in more than 30 conflict situations in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and Latin America. These are only cases validated through a UN-led monitoring and reporting mechanism established in 2005 to systematically document the most vicious violations of children in conflict zones. The real numbers are much higher.
For example, in Afghanistan, the highest number of confirmed child casualties since 2005 has exceeded 28,500, accounting for 27 percent of all confirmed child casualties worldwide. Meanwhile, the Middle East and North Africa have the highest number of confirmed attacks on schools and hospitals since 2005, with 22 confirmed attacks in the first six months of the year.
In October, UNICEF emphasized that 10,000 children have been killed or crippled in Yemen since the fighting intensified in March 2015. This equates to four children every day.
Apart from the headlines, the United Nations has confirmed violations in countries such as Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Colombia, Libya, Mozambique and the Philippines.
Despite decades of advocacy between the parties to the conflict and their influential people, as well as enhanced surveillance, reporting and response mechanisms for serious infringement, children continue to bear the brunt of war. Every day, girls and boys living in conflict areas endure indescribable fears that humans should not experience.
The use of explosive weapons, especially in densely populated areas, is a persistent and increasing threat to children and their families. In 2020, explosive weapons and debris from explosive wars accounted for almost 50% of all child casualties and more than 3,900 children were killed. Explosive weapons can have fatal and long-term consequences for children, including disruptions to services that are essential to their survival.
Children are often the victims of multiple serious infringements. For example, in 2020, 37% of the abductions confirmed by the United Nations led to the recruitment and use of children in the war, with more than 50% of such cases in Somalia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic.
UNICEF commits to a formal action plan and protects children of all parties to the conflict, including 61, listed in the Annex to the 2021 Secretary-General’s Annual Report on Children and Armed Conflict. We are requesting that you take specific measures. This includes preventing serious violations in the first place, freeing children from the military and groups, protecting children from sexual violence, and stopping attacks on hospitals and schools.
Since 2005, only 37 such plans have been signed by the parties to the conflict. This is a surprisingly small number given the interests of children.
“Ultimately, children who survive the war will only be safe if the parties to the conflict take concrete actions to protect them and stop serious breaches,” Fore said. .. “As we approach the end of 2021, I call on all parties to end the attacks on children, uphold their rights and raise conflicts to strive for peaceful political resolutions against war. increase.”
Distributed by the APO Group on behalf of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
Serious violations of children’s rights in increasing conflicts around the world warn UNICEF
Source link Serious violations of children’s rights in increasing conflicts around the world warn UNICEF