- Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo have agreed to a ceasefire as both countries work to improve relations.
- On July 12, discussions will take place to set up a permanent joint committee to plan ways to deal with rebel groups.
- Angola urged both countries to restore trade and economic relations.
Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) will take the first step towards mending fences through the “Luanda Mechanism” talks, which will begin on 12 July.
This was revealed on Wednesday after Angolan President João Lourenço succeeded in bringing peace between the two neighbors in Luanda, the capital of Angola.
The talks were on the radar of the African Union (AU) and the United Nations (UN) Security Council.
On Monday, Bintou Keita, the head of the UN stabilization mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo, told the UN Security Council that the talks should aim to “de-escalate tensions through dialogue”.
After Wednesday’s talks, which brought together Rwandan President Paul Kagame and Democratic Republic of Congo President Felix Tshisekedi, Lourenco was pleased to tell the media that “in our view, there have been positive results in agreeing on a ceasefire, among other measures.”
During the July 12 meeting, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo are expected to establish a joint standing committee to share intelligence on rebel operations involving both countries.
The main problem is the instability in the eastern part of the DRC, where the M23 rebels are fighting government forces.
Rwanda is said to have aided the rebels, a claim Kagame denies.
In Luanda, a roadmap for a “reconciliation process” in the eastern parts of the Democratic Republic of Congo was set.
The first point was “the normalization of political and diplomatic relations between the DRC and Rwanda,” the statement said.
A smoothing of these relations means an end to hostilities, which will result in the immediate withdrawal of the M23 rebels in accordance with the terms agreed at the Nairobi talks.
After the 1994 Rwandan genocide, refugees poured into the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Some are believed to be members of the Forces for the Democratic Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), which aims to destabilize Rwanda.
They agreed that the FDLR should not be given a fighting chance and that both countries should work to “create the necessary conditions for the return of refugees”.
The DRC is the newest member of the East African Community, but the diplomatic conflict with Rwanda has clouded the potential benefits of economic and regional integration.
As such, Lourenco gave the leaders of the two countries an opportunity to restore economic ties.
“[Both countries to work on] the promotion of economic partnership between the states of the region and the strengthening of regional mechanisms in the fight against the illegal exploitation of natural resources,” the statement of the meeting said.
The News24 Africa Desk is supported by the Hanns Seidel Foundation. The stories produced by Africa Desk and the opinions and statements contained herein do not reflect the views of the Hanns Seidel Foundation.
The talks have a positive outcome as Angola brokers peace between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Source link The talks have a positive outcome as Angola brokers peace between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo