Ukraine war boosts Africa’s humanitarian emergency

The war in Ukraine is putting further pressure on Africa’s rapidly growing population of vulnerable, UN refugees officer say.

Cereal prices have risen due to the downturn in exports of one of the world’s bread baskets.

In Africa, rising food costs are exacerbating the impact of conflict and climate change, which have already driven millions into poverty or forced them out of their homes, Raouf Mazou, assistant high commissioner at the UNHCR refugee agency, told AFP .

“Across Africa, the war in Ukraine will increase prices and reduced food aid will increase the vulnerability of refugees and other forcibly displaced populations and increase the risk of inter-communal tensions,” Mazou said in an interview.

“Food, fuel and fertilizer costs have risen sharply and the most vulnerable households, including refugees and displaced persons, are being affected by declining purchasing power.”

Mazou spoke by phone from Malabo, the capital of Equatorial Guinea, where he attended a special summit of the African Union at the weekend to discuss the humanitarian crises of the continent.

Mazou said that “displacement on an unprecedented scale” was already threatening Africa due to the double crunch of disasters and climate conflicts.

The AU Commission estimates that 113 million people will need urgent assistance in 2022, 48 million of whom are refugees and internally displaced.

“Floods and droughts are becoming more frequent and severe, severely affecting countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and South Sudan,” said Mazou, a diplomat from the Republic of Congo. Congo-Brazzaville too.

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– The cycle of African climate conflict –

“Disasters related to climate change will not only increase poverty, hunger and access to natural resources such as water, but also increase instability and violence,” he said.

He cited the example of Cameroon ‘s Far North region, where pastoralists, fishermen and farmers have begun to fight over access to scarce water resources.

At least 100,000 people fled their homes, moving inside Cameroon or to neighboring countries.

In southeastern Africa, cyclones have hit Mozambique, where increased violence and unrest in the north has displaced hundreds of thousands of people, Mazou said.

“The Sahel is at the forefront of the climate crisis, with temperatures rising 1.5 times faster than the global average. This only exacerbates conflicts over limited resources, making life even more difficult for those who have been forced to flee their homes, ”he said.

Mazou said humanitarian aid was lagging far behind accelerated needs.

“We are already seeing this with further cuts in food aid for refugees in Mozambique and Zambia,” he said.

“Rations will also be reduced for refugees in Sudan next month, among other countries.”

In the long run, more needs to be done to protect against climate change and to open up suitable land for farming, he said.

“The impact of the war in Ukraine on the cost and availability of food worldwide Léiríonn highlights the importance of harnessing the vast amount of fertile land available in Africa to eliminate unnecessary import dependence,” said Mazou .

Ukraine war boosts Africa’s humanitarian emergency Source link Ukraine war boosts Africa’s humanitarian emergency

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